Atif Awad
University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates

Ishak Yussof
The National University of Malaysia, Malaysia

Year: July 2017
Volume: 27 No. 1
Pages: 124–144


The present study seeks to examine empirically whether exposure to international trade creates or destroys jobs for a sample of eight ASEAN+3 countries (APT). The findings of the PMG technique shows that trade liberalization policies have a negative influence on unemployment rate in the long run. Since medium and unskilled workers are the majority of the workforce, a reduction in trade barriers is likely to expand the trading sector. For the APT countries to compete globally, the trading sector is likely to shift to a more efficient production mode by using intensive capital and high skilled labor, leaving unskilled workers unemployed. The findings are robust since we use various proxies for the trade liberalization policies.